Headquarters

Official USMC Photo.
Official USMC Photo.

A wounded Marine is helped to the safety of the battalion aid station near the CP.
Corpsman on left is PhM3c Anthony Marquez.

Headquarters Company was the nerve center of the battalion. Besides the battalion commander and his staff, HQ Company had its own company headquarters and designated sub-units for supply, combat intelligence, communications, 81mm mortars, Navy medical personnel, and starting in late 1944, an assault and demolitions platoon. Supporting these trained specialists was a network of clerks, drivers, cooks, and general duty Marines.

Often derided by front line Marines as “flat-rate bastards” (the rockers on a staff NCO’s chevrons was flat, rather than curved), the men of HQ Company made it possible for the battalion to run effectively. It had a particularly high rate of transfers, and the relative safety of the rear echelon became an ideal berth for new, untested men. Assignment to HQ Company could be a reward for time spent on the line, a punishment for repeated offenses, and an ideal billet for returning wounded who were no longer able to take the strain of life in the rifle companies. The company roster includes many Marines who spent the majority of their time in Able, Baker, or Charlie companies but were reassigned, temporarily or permanently, to Headquarters.

Rear echelon status notwithstanding, an assignment to Battalion HQ was not a guarantee of safety; the changes in battalion leadership are a good indication of the dangers of service at Headquarters. 1/24 lost two battalion commanders in combat, and several dozen of its men were killed or wounded.

Roster

View individual biographies of the members of Headquarters Company.

Battalion Commanders

 

xz_nopic hq_dyess hq_schultz hq_fricke_thumbnail hq_mundy brunelli
John J.
Dolan

Oct. 19, 1942 –
July 28, 1943
Aquilla J.
Dyess

July 28, 1943 –
February 2, 1944
Killed in action
Maynard C.
Schultz

February 3, 1944 –
June 16, 1944
Killed in action
Robert N.
Fricke
June 16, 1944 –
June 19, 1944
(Acting, with Mundy)
Gene G.
Mundy
June 16, 1944 –
June 19, 1944
(Acting, with Fricke)
Austin R.
Brunelli
June 19, 1944 –
July 3, 1944
hq_lessing hq_fricke_thumbnail hq_treitel brunelli hq_parks hq_banks
Otto
Lessing

July 4, 1944 –
August 3, 1944
Robert N.
Fricke

August 6, 1944 –
October 3, 1944
Paul S.
Treitel

October 3, 1944 –
March 8, 1945
Austin R.
Brunelli

March 9, 1945 –
March 18, 1945
Horace C.
Parks

March 19, 1945 –
April 14, 1945
Charles L.
Banks
April 15, 1945 –
End of War

Headquarters Company Commanders

xz_nopic a_dsmith hq_casey hq_hines d_webster hq_hines
Judson J.
Swallow

December 1942 –
March, 1943
David E.
Smith

March, 1943 –
April 18, 1943
Gerald V.
Casey

April 21, 1943 –
October 19, 1943
Herbert I.
Hines
October 21, 1943 –
March 1, 1944
George D.
Webster
March 1, 1944 –
June 15, 1944
Herbert I.
Hines
June 15, 1944 –
September 8, 1944
c_klopfenstine c_fox a_salvaggio xz_nopic
Roy F.
Klopfenstine

October 1, 1944 –
March 1, 1945
J. Murray
Fox

March 2, 1945 –
March 26, 1945
Marshall
Salvaggio

March 27, 1945 –
April 9, 1945
Paul J.
Rossi
April 19, 1945 –
End of War

Casualties

Note: This tabulation does not include Navy medical personnel.
Campaign Landing Strength
(Joined Mid-Battle)
Killed Wounded Sick
(Not Returned)
Total Percent
Namur 87 3 1 0 4 5%
Saipan 166
Joined: 8
9
0
40
0
4
0
53
0
32%
0%
Tinian 138
Joined: 3
4
0
10
0
4
0
18
0
13%
0%
Iwo Jima 203
Joined: 17
7
1
33
0
3
0
43
1
21%
6%

Decorations

Note: This chart only shows decorations awarded for service with Headquarters Company, and is a work in progress.
Click on a name to read the citation. Posthumous awards are noted in italics.

Campaign Medal of Honor Navy Cross Silver Star Legion of Merit Bronze Star
Namur Aquilla J. Dyess James Adams
Saipan Frederic A. Stott Austin R. Brunelli
Charles W. Carbeau
William H. Skeens
Maynard C. Schultz William J. Dolly
Thomas M. Kerr
Paul E. Miller
Endecott Osgood
Forest C. Schlenker
Jack Stein
John Waytow
Tinian Orville E. Wright Herbert I. Hines
Walter S. Kildow
Gene G. Mundy
George P. Wheeland
Iwo Jima Austin R. Brunelli Irving Schechter Charles Horwitz
Robert Johnston
Robert J. Lorenz

Sections

BATTALION HQ | COMPANY HQ | COMMUNICATIONS
INTELLIGENCESUPPLY | 81MM MORTAR | ASSAULT & DEMOLITIONS

One thought on “Headquarters

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s